50+ kinds of fabric knowledge are sorted out, textile people must read the collection posts
Editor: SunHing │ Date: April 02, 2021
There are more than 50 kinds of fabrics, there is no gorgeous and exaggerated decoration, but each place is different and exquisite, giving people a very comfortable feeling.
In the material library of clothing designers, fabrics have always been frequently used materials. However, in product design, the use of fabrics for clothing is extremely lacking. In recent years, in 3C digital products, products that combine fabrics and plastic materials have begun to appear, usually used to create a warm and comfortable design language, and are very popular with consumers.
Using cotton as raw material, the fabric produced by textile technology has the characteristics of moisture absorption, moisture retention, heat resistance, alkali resistance, hygiene, etc., and is comfortable to wear. The disadvantages are easy to wrinkle, easy to shrink and easy to deform.
Imported long-staple cotton
It has obvious moisture absorption and perspiration, protects the skin close to the skin, has the characteristics of good coloring, high strength and good flexibility, soft hand feeling, soft luster and simplicity, and good warmth retention.
Babai yarn belongs to cotton textiles, with a very light and thin texture. It has a good sense of comfort when worn on the body, good moisture absorption and air permeability, and unique styles such as thinness, thinness and coolness.
A plant fiber, known as a cool fiber, it has good moisture absorption, releases moisture quickly, is not easy to generate static electricity, has large heat conduction, and quickly dissipates heat. In the clothing design, its characteristics are that it is cool to wear, not close to the body after sweating, more resistant to washing, and good in heat resistance.
Pure Linen Spinning
It has a compact, thin, stiff, smooth style, good breathability and comfort.
Generally refers to hand-woven linen cloth, traditional Chinese textiles, the color of the fabric is white, and the luster is soft. In clothing, wear clear sweat away from the body, stiff and cool.
It is processed from wood, cotton linters, reeds and other natural cellulose-containing materials and chemical materials, commonly known as artificial cotton, artificial wool and rayon. It has the basic properties of natural fiber, good dyeing performance, good fastness, soft fabric, high specific gravity, good drape, and good moisture absorption. It is cool to wear on clothing, and it is not easy to produce static electricity, fluff and pilling.
It is chemically processed from cellulose-containing natural materials and has a silky style. In clothing, it is light and comfortable to wear, has good elasticity and elastic recovery performance, but it is not suitable for washing, and its color fastness is poor.
It belongs to polyester fiber. The biggest advantage is that it has good wrinkle resistance and shape retention, and has high strength and elastic recovery ability. It is durable, anti-wrinkle, non-ironing, and non-sticky.
The base material is polyamide fiber, that is, nylon. The most prominent advantage is the abrasion resistance, which is 10 times higher than that of cotton and 20 times higher than that of wool. It has good anti-moth and anti-corrosion properties and is easy to store. The dyeability is better in synthetic fibers, it is light to wear, has good waterproof and windproof performance, and its elasticity and elastic recovery ability are particularly good. However, it is easy to fold and deform, poor ventilation and ventilation, and easy to generate static electricity.
The appearance is like plush silk or cotton, with waxy feel and luster, average elasticity and resilience, not easy to wrinkle, and small and light specific gravity. The clothing has good comfort, can transfer sweat faster to keep the skin comfortable, has good strength and abrasion resistance, is durable, and is not resistant to high temperatures.
It has excellent elasticity, also known as elastic fiber, also known as Lycra. It has good elasticity, smooth hand feeling, low moisture absorption, good weather resistance and chemical resistance, machine washable, and poor heat resistance.
Commonly known as "artificial wool", it has the characteristics of softness, warmth, and strength. The surface is flat, the structure is compact, not easy to deform, and the shrinkage after washing is very small.
Its performance is close to cotton, and it is called "synthetic cotton". It is the most hygroscopic variety among existing synthetic fibers. The strength is worse than that of nylon and polyester, and the chemical stability is good. It is not resistant to strong acids and alkalis. Sunlight resistance and weather resistance are also very good, but it is resistant to dry heat but not to damp heat (shrinkage), the elasticity is the worst, the fabric is easy to wrinkle, the dyeing is poor, and the color is not bright.
Also known as Bieding, the texture is smooth and firm, the texture is tight and elastic, and the cloth surface is smooth and flat, and the color is soft and natural.
The texture is light and thin, feels smooth, comfortable to wear, crisp, good moisture absorption and good ventilation.
The surface of the cloth is shrunken and uneven, also known as walnut. It is light and soft, smooth and novel, and easy to dye.
Characteristic cotton fabric, soft hand feeling, natural luster, many pores on the cloth surface, comfortable to wear, and good shape retention.
Coarse yarn twill, commonly known as denim, is more common. The warp yarns dyed with pure cotton indigo and the weft yarns of natural color are interwoven with the right twill weave of three up and one down. Thick texture, moisture permeability, good air permeability, comfortable to wear.
It is woven with a plain weave, and the linear density of the warp and weft yarns is the same or similar to that of the warp and weft yarns, which can be divided into coarse plain cloth, medium plain cloth, and fine plain cloth. Coarse cloth, also known as coarse cloth, is mostly woven with pure cotton coarse special yarn. Its characteristic is that the cloth body is rough and thick, and the cloth surface has more neps and impurities, which is firm and durable. Zhongping cloth is also called city cloth, and the market-selling cloth is also called white city cloth, which is woven with special cotton yarn or viscose yarn, cotton viscose yarn, polyester-cotton yarn, etc. It is characterized by tighter structure, smooth and plump cloth surface, firm texture and hard hand feeling.
Fine plain cloth, also known as Muslin, is woven with fine special cotton yarn, viscose yarn, cotton viscose yarn, and polyester-cotton yarn. Its characteristic is that the cloth body is fine, clean and soft, the texture is light and compact, and the cloth surface is less impurity.
A fabric mainly blended with cotton, wool and chemical fibers. The texture is tight, the hand feels thick, the lines are obvious, and it is firm and durable, but not abrasion-resistant.
The hand feels soft, the velvet is round and straight, the lines are clear, the velvet is plump, and the texture is firm and wear-resistant.
The velvet fabric feels silky smooth, has toughness, wrinkle resistance and elasticity. Although it will lose some hair, it is soft and skin-friendly after washing. Velvet fabric actually has many advantages, such as heat insulation, UV protection, moisture resistance, easy cleaning and so on.
Soft touch, good warmth retention, comfortable to wear, soft appearance of the cloth. The flannel has a soft body, is comfortable to wear, and has good warmth retention. It is suitable for winter underwear and pajamas.
Animal fur fabrics
It is light in texture and very warm. It is a unique and rare animal fiber. It is called "fiber diamond" and "soft gold" abroad. It is soft, slender, slippery, thin and elastic, and has natural soft color Moreover, it has good moisture absorption and abrasion resistance. Cashmere is much thinner than wool, and its outer scales are finer and smoother than wool. Therefore, it is lighter in weight, softer and more resilient. It is especially suitable for making underwear. When worn next to the body, it is light, soft, soft, smooth, and very comfortable, unmatched by any fiber.
Small specific gravity, good warmth, full of elasticity, strong moisture absorption, softness, warmth, beautiful appearance and other characteristics, poor cohesion, low strength, easy to shed hair.
Wool has a full hand feel, good elasticity, strong moisture absorption, and good warmth retention. The biggest disadvantage is pilling, which is unavoidable for all pure wool clothing, so it takes a little thought to maintain wool clothing.
High strength, high elastic recovery rate, strong wrinkle resistance, good abrasion resistance and moisture absorption, strong stain resistance, good dyeability, no shrinkage and no easy felting.
The color is lighter, the gloss is weak, the hand feels smooth and soft, the elasticity and strength are good, the warmth is good, and the abrasion resistance is good.
The upholstery fabric with fluffy surface and fur-like appearance, commonly known as "sea tiger velvet". The front is covered with dense wool fibers uniformly, the suede is bright and soft, the hand feels full and thick, warm and light, and has good durability.
The texture is clear, the color is bright and soft, the texture is tight, the hand feels soft, crisp and elastic.
Woolen fabricWoolen fabric
The texture is thick, the hand feels plump and firm, not easy to deform, and has good warmth retention.
Loose light wool fabric
It has the characteristics of ease and softness, loose structure, light weight, soft hand feeling, elasticity and good ventilation, and is comfortable to wear.
Melton is a kind of high-quality woolen fabric with full hand feeling, fine and clean surface, firm bones, and full of elasticity. It has fine fleece covering the fabric shading, soft and beautiful color, good abrasion resistance, no ball, good warmth retention, and has the characteristics of water and wind resistance. It is one of the high-end products in woolen cloth, mainly used as the fabric for winter clothing.
Interwoven Fibrilia fabric
It belongs to polyester fiber, has excellent elasticity and resilience, the fabric is crisp, wrinkle-free, good shape retention, high strength, good elasticity, durable and has excellent light resistance, but it is easy to generate static electricity and absorb dust and moisture. Poor sex.
The luxurious natural fiber recognized all over the world is a high-grade textile material. It has high strength and elongation. The fiber is thin, soft, smooth and elastic, with good moisture absorption. Comfortable, elegant and luxurious.
Silk generally refers to raw silk, which is a product obtained after silkworm cocoons are reeled. Raw silk is soft and smooth, full of hand feeling, good strength, elasticity, soft luster, strong moisture absorption, no irritation to the human body. It is a high-grade textile material and can be used to weave various silk fabrics with different tissue structures for clothing and indoor Supplies, crafts, decorations, etc.
An environmentally friendly fiber that uses high-tech technology to protect all the characteristics of natural fibers during the purification and spinning process. It has strong moisture absorption and air permeability, fabric drape, silky smoothness, and bright coloring. Repeated washing and sun exposure will not lose many health functions, and it is not easy to pilling.
Natural animal protein fiber, smooth, soft, shiny, warm in winter and cool in summer, unique "singing" phenomenon when rubbing, good extensibility, good heat resistance, and not resistant to salt water erosion , It is not suitable to treat with chlorine bleach or detergent.
The texture is fine and soft, the surface is smooth and bright, delicate and delicate.
The surface is smooth, delicate, soft to the touch, good in luster, bright in color, and has good elasticity, tightness and not easy to deform.
Mercerized cotton yarn
It has silk-like bright luster, high-grade color fastness and good hand feeling, has the breathable, soft and hygroscopic properties of cotton, and has the characteristics of silk-like smoothness.
Soft luster, delicate and soft, strong moisture absorption, good air permeability, comfortable and not sticky, with general warmth retention function, and keep the human body refreshed, with good heat resistance.
The cloth surface is clean and flat, the texture is fine, the grain is full, the luster is soft and soft, and the hand feels soft and waxy. However, the poplin fabric has a major disadvantage, that is, the garments sewn with it are prone to longitudinal cracks.
An environmentally friendly fiber, bamboo has the characteristics of anti-bacterial and anti-purple thread. In the process of fiber purification, it uses high-tech technology to protect natural antibacterial, anti-bacterial, deodorant and anti-ultraviolet substances. It has strong air permeability, fabric drape, silky smooth, Bright dyeing, antibacterial, deodorant, UV protection, repeated washing and sun drying without losing many functions.
It has the appearance style and basic characteristics similar to the pure wool fabric, and the appearance is more delicate.
Polyester is not easy to deform, lint-free, Fibrilia has good strength, good gloss, and is not easy to fade. Polyester and linen blends make up for some shortcomings to make the fabric cool, good moisture absorption, comfortable to wear, easy to wash and dry, and reduce wrinkles and linting.
Cotton has good moisture absorption, good dyeability, good warmth retention, Fibrilia has high strength, good natural luster, bright dyeing, not easy to fade, good heat resistance, Fibrilia cotton blended fabric, the appearance is not as clean as pure cotton fabric, but it has good luster and soft feeling. Quite cool, good heat dissipation, not easy to fade.
The fabric feels plump, smooth and waxy, has silk-like luster, has good drape, and is quite cool.
It can make up for the shortcomings of polyester's low moisture absorption, breathability and comfort. It has a bright and clean appearance, a thick hand feel, full of elasticity, firmness and durability, and good shape retention.
It has the softness of wool and the smoothness of silk. The luster is soft and bright, stiff, non-ironing, strong and durable. It is elastic and has a smaller shrinkage rate than pure silk.
Wool blended with polyester, with smooth surface, light texture, crisp feel, crisp and wrinkled, easy to wash and dry, and good wearing performance.